|i.||Geographical area||Western Asia Minor|
Stable URL: http://ancientassociations.ku.dk/assoc/742Download as
Last Updated on 22 May 2019
CAPInv. 742: het[airoi]
|i.||Full name (original language)||ἑτ[αῖροι] (SEG 30: 1430, l. 5)|
|ii.||Full name (transliterated)||het[airoi]|
|i.||Date(s)||i - iii AD|
IV. NAME AND TERMINOLOGY
|i.||Source(s)||SEG 30: 1430 (ii AD)|
Peek 1980: 38-9 no. 23
SGO II 09 / 05 / 82 Nikaia
SEG 30: 1430
|i.a.||Source type(s)||Epigraphic source(s)|
|i.b.||Document(s) typology & language/script||Funerary epigram in Greek.|
|i.c.||Physical format(s)||Grave altar.|
|ii.||Source(s) provenance||The inscription was found at Iznik (Nikaia).|
|iv.||Honours/Other activities||The hetairoi of the deceased perhaps crowns his tomb with flowers (SEG 30: 1430, ll. 4-6: ἀλλ’ ὑφ’ ἑτ[αίρων τύμ]βος ἐμὸς στέφε[ται ἄνθεσιν εἰαρινοῖς], all' hyph' het[airon tym]bos emos stephe[tai anthesin eiarinois]). This may allude to annual commemorative ceremonies performed at the deceased’s tomb by fellow-members of the association to which he belonged (cf. field XII.i: Comments below). However, the restored text is far from certain (see SGO II 09 / 05 / 82 Nikaia).|
The term hetairoi was used to denote both members of political groups and religious associations (Poland 1909: 54; Robert 1983: 50). The hetairoi mentioned in this epigram may have been members of such an association but its exact name (possibly simply ἑταῖροι, hetairoi?) and nature escape us, even more so since most of the term has been restored.
If the restored text is accepted, the crowning of the deceased’s tomb with flowers by the hetairoi may indicate the existence of a common treasury. However, it is equally possible that the money required for this crowning was drawn from individual ad hoc contributions. See under X.iv: Honours/other activities.
Peek, W. (1980), Griechische Versinschriften aus Kleinasien. Wien.
Poland, F. (1909), Geschichte des griechischen Vereinswesens. Leipzig.
Robert, L. (1983), ‘Les dieux des Motaleis en Phrygie’, JS: 45-63.
|Note||See above under field XII.i: Comments.|