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Last Updated on 09 Jul 2018

Author: Paschalis Paschidis

CAPInv. 758: he synetheia heroos Aineia


i. Geographical area Macedonia
ii. Region Mygdonia
iii. Site Thessalonike


i. Full name (original language) ἡ συνήθεια ἥρωος Αἰνεία (IG X.2.1 Suppl. 1366, l. 2)
ii. Full name (transliterated) he synetheia heroos Aineia


i. Date(s) 125 / 126 AD


ii. Name elements
Theophoric:The association is named after the hero worshiped (Aineias, founder of Aineia in the Thermaic Gulf).
iii. Descriptive terms συνήθεια, synetheia
Note synetheia: IG X.2.1 Suppl. 1366, l. 2


i. Source(s) IG X.2.1 Suppl. 1366 (AD 125/6)
Note Previous editions: SEG 56: 766
Online Resources IG X.2.1 Suppl. 1366
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script A Greek funerary inscription
i.c. Physical format(s) Stele with a relief of a fisherman holding a fish and a scale above a small plank where more fish is stacked.
ii. Source(s) provenance Found in the area of the western cemetery of ancient Thessalonike.


ii. Leadership An ἀρχισυνάγωγος, archisynagogos (l. 4), leads the association.
iv. Officials A γραμματεύς, grammateus (l. 4), and his subordinate, the ὑπογραμματεύς, hypogrammateus (ll. 5-6), are mentioned.
The difference in the formula of the genitive (γραμματεύοντος, grammateuontos, but ὑπογραμματέως, hypogrammateos) seems to suggest that the grammateus served annually (and was thus presumably appointed by lot), while his subordinate served for a longer period.
Eponymous officials The grammateus and the hypogrammateus are mentioned in the genitive, for dating purposes.
ix. Privileges The association apparently paid for the funerary monument of its members.


ii. Gender Men
Note The three officials mentioned and the deceased member are all men.
iv. Status As the relief makes clear, the deceased was a fisherman. Given the nature of the hero worshiped by the association (Aineias, founder of Aineia, a polis immediately to the southeast of Thessalonike, in modern Michaniona), it is not unlikely that other members of the association were also involved in fishing activities and / or originated from Aineia, which was incorporated to Thessalonike's territory by the Early Imperial period.


i. Comments The association takes its name from the hero Aineias, founder of Aineia, a polis in the Thermaic Gulf, independent even after the foundation of Thessalonike, but probably incorporated into its territory by the Early Imperial period (see in detail Nigdelis 2006: 207-9).
iii. Bibliography Nigdelis, P.M. (2006), Επιγραφικά Θεσσαλονίκεια. Συμβολή στην πολιτική και κοινωνική ιστορία της αρχαίας Θεσσαλονίκης. Thessaloniki: 206-11.


i. Private association Certain
Note A distinctive name and a set of officials with a distinct hierarch and annual tenures of office are clear indicators of a private association.