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Last Updated on 01 Mar 2017

Author: Sophia Zoumbaki

CAPInv. 764: hetaroi (l. hetairoi)


i. Geographical area Peloponnese with Adjacent Islands
ii. Region Korinthia
iii. Site Corinth


i. Full name (original language) ἕταροι, l. ἑταῖροι (IG IV 395, ll. 1-2)
ii. Full name (transliterated) hetaroi (l. hetairoi)


i. Date(s) ii - iii AD


ii. Name elements
Other:hetaroi (l. hetairoi)


i. Source(s) IG IV 395 (ii - iii AD)
Online Resources IG IV 395
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Funerary epigram in Greek
i.c. Physical format(s) A stele of white stone with a pediment on which a dolphin is depicted. The lower part of the stele (and the inscription) is not preserved.
ii. Source(s) provenance Corinth


i. Comments The deceased Iason, for whom the funerary epigram was composed, is called Παιήωνος ἑταῖρος, Paieonos hetairos (ll. 1-2) by his hetaroi . Paieon or Paian or Paion is a healing deity attested in Iliad E 401, 899. Later Paian becomes a surname of Asclepius and is identified with Apollo. Παιήωνος ἑταῖρος,Paieonos hetairos, was thus either a physician or a poet or a scholar, as the IG-editor, Fraenkel, suggests; he does not even exclude the identification of Iason with a namesake who was according to Suidas Ἀργεῖος ἱστορικός, νεώτερος Πλουτάρχου τοῦ Χαιρωνέως, γραμματικός, ἔγραψε περὶ τῆς Ἑλλάδος βιβλία δ΄, Argeios historikos neoteros Ploutarchou tou Chaironeos, grammatikos, egrapse peri tes Hellados biblia 4. Although the homeric words used in the epigram, such as ἀκηχ<έ>μενοι, akech<e>menoi (i.e. grieving, mourning), and the phrase κλέος δ’ ἀνὰ γαῖαν Ἀχαιῶν, kleos d’ ana gaian Achaion, do not exclude his scholarly engagements, the identification should be treated with caution. Wilhelm 1905: 413, regards the deceased as a doctor.
The hetaroi are thus in any case to be understood as a professional group.
iii. Bibliography Skias, A. (1893), ‘Ἐπιγραφαί Κορίνθου’, AEph: 122-3, no. 11.
Wilhelm, A. (1905), ‘Zu griechischen Epigrammen’, BCH 29: 413.


i. Private association Possible
Note The hetaroi were apparently a professional group. The metrical text and the poetic expressions offer however no indication, whether they were organised as an association.