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Last Updated on 01 Dec 2018

Author: Mario C.D. Paganini

CAPInv. 766: U-EGY-020


i. Geographical area Egypt
ii. Nome Arsinoites (00)
iii. Site Kerkethoeris


i. Association with unknown name U-EGY-020


i. Date(s) 218 BC


iii. Descriptive terms θίασος, thiasos
Note Thiasos: P.Enteux. 21, l. 4


i. Source(s) P.Enteux. 21 (27 Diasios = 29 Hathyr = 13 January 218)
Note AGRW 292
Online Resources P.Enteux. 21
TM 3296
AGRW ID 2897
i.a. Source type(s) Papyrological source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Greek petition to the King by the sister and husband of a deceased member of an association, regarding the non payment of the taphikon by the members of the association.
i.c. Physical format(s) Papyrus.
ii. Source(s) provenance From crocodile mummy cartonnage, found in the crocodile cemetery at Magdola. However, as stated in the papyrus (l. 2), the association was located in the village of Kerkethoeris.


iii. Members The members of the association are called [σ]υνθιασίτιδες, synthiasitides (l. 2, verso l. 3). Membership of the association is expressed by the verb συνθιασιτεύω synthiasiteuo (l. 3).
iv. Officials The association had a priestess and the office could be held by the same person for more than a year (the deceased member had been priestess for fours years): ἐ̣χούσης τὴ[ν ἱερ]οσύνην τοῦ θιάσου ἐφʼ ἔτη δ, echouses ten hierosynen tou thiasou eph'ete 4 (l. 4).
ix. Privileges It seems that members were entitled to a burial indemnity (ταφικόν, taphikon: ll. 6, 8, verso l. 4), even more so upon request of the deceased's family (cf. the ἀπαιτούμεναι, apaitoumenai in l. 5). The taphikon however was not always paid off: in this case the deceased's family had to take action against the association.


i. Treasury/Funds The association must have had funds and money available to them, as deceased members could be given a burial indemnity.


i. Number We do not know the total number of members; they were more than five, given the wording in ll. 1-2: ἀδικούμεθα ὑπὸ Τεμσώιος καὶ Σενεμενώπιος | καὶ Τ̣ετειμ̣[ -ca.?- κ]αὶ Ἑριέως καὶ τῶν λοιπῶν [σ]υνθιασιτίδων, adikoumetha hypo Temsoios kai Senemenopios | kai Teteim[... k]ai Herieos kai ton loipon synthiasitidon.
ii. Gender Women
Note On the basis of the term [σ]υνθιασίτιδες, synthiasitides (l. 2, verso l. 3) and the fact that all the attested names of members are female names, the association was a women association.
v. Relations It is uncertain whether one of the petitioners, the sister of the deceased former priestess of the thiasos, was also a member of the association. Given the fact that mention of her membership is never indicated, it seems likely that she was not a member.
vi. Proper names and physical features Τεμσῶις
Σοῆρις, deceased sister of Θερῶυς and wife of Τεῶς


i. Comments The internal indication of the synthiasitides as being ἐκ Κερκεθοήρεως, τῆς Πολέμωνος μερίδος, ek Kerkethoereos tes Polemonos meridos (l. 2) seems to point to the fact that the association was based in that village. The provenance of the papyrus (from crocodile mummy cartonnage from the crocodile cemetery at Magdola) cannot provide further hints on the location of the association.


i. Private association Certain
Note The terminology used (thiasos, synthiasitides), the internal organisation, the officials, and the dealings in which the group was involved make it certain that we have here a private association.