|i.||Geographical area||Western Asia Minor|
Stable URL: http://ancientassociations.ku.dk/assoc/817Download as
Last Updated on 09 Jul 2019
CAPInv. 817: hoi mystai Apollonos Pleurenou
|i.||Full name (original language)||οἱ μύσται Ἀπόλλωνος Πλευρενοῦ (SEG 32: 1237, ll. 3-4)|
|ii.||Full name (transliterated)||hoi mystai Apollonos Pleurenou|
|i.||Date(s)||ii - i BC|
IV. NAME AND TERMINOLOGY
SEG 32: 1237 (ii BC)
de Hoz 1999: 5.26a (ii BC)
de Hoz 1999: 5.26b (i BC)
SEG 32: 1237:
de Hoz 1999: 5.26
|i.a.||Source type(s)||Epigraphic source(s)|
|i.b.||Document(s) typology & language/script||de Hoz 1999: 5.26: honorific inscription; 5.26a: cult command; 5.26b: Ex voto. Greek.|
|i.c.||Physical format(s)||Stele with pediment; de Hoz 1999: 5.26a with representation of an olive branch on the pediment.|
de Hoz 1999: 5.26a and b now in Bergama Museum
VI. BUILT AND VISUAL SPACE
|ii.||References to buildings/objects||Reference to a sanctuary and to a stele (de Hoz 1999: 5.26a)|
|ii.||Leadership||The priest of the cult (attested in all three inscription) is probably a member of the association and has the leadership. The priestship was probably hereditary, since all attested cases have Kadoas either as name or as patronym.|
|ix.||Privileges||The mystai and the priest had the privilege of having their names inscribed on a marble stele (de Hoz 1999: 5.26a)|
VIII. PROPERTY AND POSSESSIONS
|iii.||Income||In SEG 32: 1237, ll. 5-6 (de Hoz 1999: 5.26) an ἐπὶ ἱερῶν προσόδων, epi hieron prosodon (person responsible for the sacred revenues) is attested. He was probably a royal official of the Attalids at Pergamon. Cf. Malay and Nalbantoglu 1996: 79.|
de Hoz 1999: 5.26: at least 18 mystai and the priest (?)
de Hoz 1999: 5.26a: at least two mystai besides the priest
de Hoz 1999: 5.26b: at least 37 mystai besides the priest
|Note||There is no woman attested in any of the three inscriptions.|
|iii.||Worship||de Hoz 1999: 5.26b is an ex-voto.|
|Deities worshipped||Apollon Pleurenos|
SEG 32: 1237 (de Hoz 1999: 5.26) is an honorific inscription to the ἐπὶ ἱερῶν προσόδων, epi hieron prosodon (responsible for the sacred revenues) for being nice and good to the association.
The ἀρχιερεύς (archiereus) of the cult (de Hoz 1999: 5.26, 5.26a) was probably the chief priest of the royal cult of the Attalids.
The οἰκονόμος (οikonomos) attested in de Hoz 1999: 5.26a, l. 14, was probably a royal official responsible for the royal land as well as for the sanctuaries.
Both offices, unparalleled for the Attalid period, were probably adopted by the Attalids from the Seleucid administration. In the 2nd century B.C. the sanctuary of Apollon Pleurenos seems to have been under the direct control of the royal administration. Cf. Malay and Nalbantoglu 1996: 78-9.
de Hoz, M.-P. (1999), Die Lydischen Kulte im Lichte der griechischen Inschriften. Bonn: nos. 5.26, 5.26a and 5.26b.
Herrmann, P. (1996), ‘Mystenvereine in Sardeis’, Chiron 26: 315-48, esp. 318-21.
Malay, H., and Nalbantoglu, C. (1996), ‘The cult of Apollon Pleurenos in Lydia’, Arkeoloji Dergisi IV. Izmir: 75-9. and 79-81, no. 2, pl. XVII.
Robert, L. (1982), ‘Documents d'Asie Mineure’, BCH 106.1: 309-78, esp. 361-7.
|Note||The terminology used is indicative of a private cultic association.|