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Last Updated on 09 Jul 2018
CAPInv. 820: to koinon ton techniton
|i.||Full name (original language)||τὸ κοινὸν τῶν τεχνιτῶν (SEG 48: 716ter, ll. 1-2)|
|ii.||Full name (transliterated)||to koinon ton techniton|
|i.||Date(s)||90 - 84 BC|
IV. NAME AND TERMINOLOGY
|iii.||Descriptive terms||κοινόν, koinon.|
koinon: SEG 48: 716ter, l. 1
The term koinon is common elsewhere, but attested for associations in Macedonia only in the Late Hellenistic and never in the Imperial period.
SEG 48: 716ter (90/89 BC).
Koukouli-Chrysanthaki 2011: 235 (85/4 BC)
The dates given in all publications are 89/8 and 84/3 respectively.
See also: AGRW 33
Koukouli-Chrysanthaki 2011 = SEG 61: 485
SEG 48: 716ter and AGRW ID 924
AGRW ID 24833
|i.a.||Source type(s)||Epigraphic source(s)|
|i.b.||Document(s) typology & language/script||Both documents are honorific inscriptions in Greek|
|ii.||Source(s) provenance||Amphipolis; SEG 48: 716ter in particular was found in the area of the gymnasium.|
Koukouli-Chrysanthaki 2011: 237-45 discusses in detail the two possible interpretations of this koinon. According to the first, the association consisted of Amphipolitan artisans; this should not necessarily imply a low social status, given that one of the priests of Athena honoured in Koukouli-Chrysanthaki 2011: 235 is known to have been an artisan himself (Collart and Devambez 1931: 179-80).
According to the second interpretation, this may have been an association of Dionysiac artists, either a branch of the association based at Nemea and the Isthmus (known to have been active at Dion; see Koukouli-Chrysanthaki 2011: 242 with sources and earlier literature), or a branch of some other Dionysiac guild.
This second interpretation is strengthened by the fact that the koinon honours a synarchy of priests at an interval of four years; this may mean that the priests honoured were responsible for a penteteric festival in which the koinon of the technitai was also involved (cf. also under XII.i, below).
|ii.||Interaction abroad||See under IX.iv, above.|
The agonistic inscription inscribed on the same monument as SEG 48: 716ter, still unpublished (see Gauthier and Hatzopoulos 1993: 164-5 and Koukouli-Chrysanthaki 2011: 244-5) is not taken into consideration in the commentary. The precise relevance of the gymnikoi games to which the victor lists belong with the priests of Athena and the koinon ton techniton can only be ascertained after the full publication of the stele.
We have no reason to assume that the three (SEG 48: 716ter) and more than six (Koukouli-Chrysanthaki 2011: 235) priests of Athena honoured by the koinon were members of the association.
Collart, P., and Devambez, P. (1931), ‘Voyage dans la région de Strymon’, BCH 55: 171-206.
Gauthier, Ph., and Hatzopoulos, M.B. (1993), La loi gymnasiarchique de Béroia. Athens: 164-5.
Koukouli-Chrysanthaki, Ch. (2011), ‘Κοινὸν τεχνιτῶν στην Αμφίπολη’ in S. Pingiatoglou and Th. Stephanidou-Tiveriou (eds.), Νάματα. Τιμητικός τόμος για τον καθηγητή Δημήτριο Παντερμαλή. Thessaloniki: 235-47.
|Note||In either interpretation of the term technitai, this is a private association.|