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Last Updated on 01 Dec 2018

Author: Mario C.D. Paganini

CAPInv. 825: U-EGY-023


i. Geographical area Egypt
ii. Nome Pathyrites (U04a)
iii. Site Pathyris


i. Association with unknown name U-EGY-023


i. Date(s) 103 BC


i. Source(s) C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 1 (15 Pauni = 29 June 103 BC)
C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 2 (unknown date)
C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 3 (10 Thoth = 27 Sep. 103 BC)
Note C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 1 = P. Amh. II 39; P. Grenf. 1 30; SB XX 14728
C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 2 = SB XX 14729
Online Resources C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 1; TM 164
C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 2; TM 163
C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 3: TM 162
i.a. Source type(s) Papyrological source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script The three texts are private letters sent to Pates and Pachrates and their fellow soldiers. C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 1-2 are written in Greek; C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 3 is written in Demotic.
i.c. Physical format(s) Papyrus.


ii. Leadership The association had a προστάτης, prostates (C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 1, l. 9-10: [ἐ]πεὶ οὖν προκεχειρακαμεν προστάτην | [τοῦ με]γ̣ίσ̣[του θεοῦ] Νεχθφ̣α̣ραῦτος epei oun prokecheirikamen prostaten tou megistou theou Nechthpharautos; the name is possibly lost in lacuna or not mentioned). In Demotic the office is called pȝ rt (C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 3, l. 1: pȝ rt n Sbk pȝ ntr ‘ȝ, Nȝ-nḫt.ṱ⸗f-r.r⸗w; the man here has the name of Panobchounis, son of Phmois: on the new interpretation of the passage as 'the agent of Sobek, the great god, and of Nechtpharaus', cf. Ryholt 2018). The man should be the same in both texts. In C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 2, l. 5 it is possible that more than one prostates is indicated: however the passage is fragmentary (ll. 4-5: ἐπεὶ προκεχειρί|[καμεν ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣]ν̣ καὶ Νεχούθην | [προστάτ ̣ ̣ του] μεγίσ̣τ̣ου θεοῦ Νεχθφαραῦτ(ος), epei prokecheiri|[kamen … ]n kai Nechouthen | [prostat… tou] megistou theou Nechthpharautos) and it may well be the case that the prostates was only one (who may have born a double name, such as Horos alias Nechoutes).


ii. Gender Men
Note It seems that the members of the association were men.
iii. Age Adults
Note It seems that the members of the associations were adults.
iv. Status The writers of C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 1 are a certain Porteis, hegemon of the men in selection, and the neaniskoi of the company (C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 1, l. 2: οἱ̣ [ἐκ] τοῦ σημείου νεανίσκοι, hoi ek tou semeiou neaniskoi): they inform the addressees (soldiers themselves) that they have chosen the prostates of the association in honour of the god Nechtpharaus (a deified general, somehow closely linked with the cult of the crocodile god Sobek-Souchos, as attested by C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 3, l. 1: cf. Ryholt 2018). The association in honour of the god was therefore (entirely or partially) formed by men of army, who were in campaign in the Syrian wars. C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 3 was written by the prostates/pȝ rt of the association himself to the same addressees: the letter was sent from the city of Ptolemais in Syria (modern day Acre in Israel), where the troops were stationed at the time. It is likely that the addressees (as well as their fellow soldiers stationed with them) were members of the association, or at all events they shared an interest for it.
vi. Proper names and physical features Πόρτεις ἡ̣γ̣εμὼν τῶν ἐν προχειρισμῶι̣


iii. Worship It is likely that the association worshiped the god Nechtpharaus, as well as the crocodile god Souchos.
Deities worshipped Nechtpharaus (?)
Souchos (?)


ii. Interaction abroad The association was linked with soldiers active in the army and seems to have travelled with them where they went: C.Jud.Syr.Eg. 3, for instance, attests the presences of the prostates/pȝ rt of the association in the city of Ptolemais in Syria, where the troops were stationed.


i. Comments The present association gathered military men in active duty and seems to have travelled around the country and abroad with the troops. However, its members kept a link with some fellow soldiers in Egypt, probably in the area of Pathyris (where the relevant correspondence was found): they played some role in the association's life, even though in absentia. The association may have had its origin from the area of Pathyris and probably returned there once the campaigns were over. There was an overlap between the members of this association and the philobasilistai attested in the area (cf. CAPInv. 826).
iii. Bibliography Ryholt, K. (2018), 'Stele recording the foundation of the cult of Nechtpharaus', in C. Gallazzi (ed.), Tebtynis VI: Scripta varia. Textes hiéroglyphiques, hiératiques, démotiques,
araméens, grecs et coptes sur différents supports
(FIFAO 78): 35-7 (S.V.Tebt. I 41)


i. Private association Certain
Note The level of internal organisation, the terminology used to indicate the group's officials, and the mentioned practice of appointment point with strong certainty to this being a private association.