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Last Updated on 10 Jul 2019

Author: Fabienne Marchand

CAPInv. 982: U-CGR-005


i. Geographical area Central Greece
ii. Region Boiotia
iii. Site Thespiai


i. Association with unknown name U-CGR-005


i. Date(s) i BC - e. i AD


iii. Descriptive terms σύνοδος, synodos
Note synodos: I.Thespiai 36, ll. 7, 14


i. Source(s) I.Thespiai 36 (i BC - e. i AD)
Note See also:
Roesch 1982: 146-52, no. 19
SEG 44: 419: l. 14 Schachter (1994) suggests [τὴν] σ̣ύ̣ν̣ο̣δ̣ον [κ]α̣ὶ τὴν̣ [θεὸν(?)], [ten] synodon [k]ai ten [theon(?)]
Online Resources I.Thespiai 36
SEG 44: 419
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Honorary decree in Greek
i.c. Physical format(s) Stele of white marble, broken at the top and at the bottom.


iv. Officials The eponymous archon in ll. 1-2 is more likely to be the city eponymous rather than the eponymous of the association. λιτουργοί, litourgoi, are also mentioned in l. 8. They may have been officials of the association.


i. Assemblies A probouleumatic formula (προβεβουλευμένον, probebouleumenon, ll. 5-6) indicates that assemblies and voting took place, and that one of the institutions of the association may have been called boule. A rogator is also mentioned.
iii. Worship The close connection of the association with λιτουργοί, litourgoi implies that the association was involved in cultic activities. The honorand of the decree is also called φιλόθεος, philotheos (l. 11), implying an involvement with a god (SEG 44: 419).
iv. Honours/Other activities The association passes an honorary decree.


i. Comments The inscription is filled with the institutional vocabulary of public organisations, which has been coopted by the association. For instance, this inscription provides a unique attestation in Boiotia of a probouleumatic formula in a decree by an association (Schacter 1994 33n.7).

This presents a problem, since the inscription does not contain any explicit descriptive naming elements, excepting the reference to a Synod. The association might therefore risk to be considered a part of the public subdivisions.

The reconstruction of a line in the inscription gives [τὴν] σ̣ύ̣ν̣ο̣δ̣ο̣ν̣ [κ]αὶ τὴν̣ [πόλιν(?)], [ten] synodon [k]ai ten [polin(?)] l. 14. Roesch interprets this to mean "de se montrer utile à l'association et à (la cité?)" (Roesch 1982, 146-147) which indicates a separation between an association and the city.
iii. Bibliography Rhodes, P.J., and Lewis, D. (1997), Decrees of the Greek States. Oxford: 124.
Roesch, P. (1982), Etudes béotiennes. Paris.
Schachter, A. (1994), Cults of Boiotia. 3. vols. London: 33, n. 7.
Tréheux, J. (1990), ‘La ‘prise en considération’ des décrets en Grèce à l’époque hellénistique’, in C. Nicolet (ed.), Du pouvoir dans l’Antiquité: mots et réalité. Geneva: 117-27.


i. Private association Certain
Note The terminology (synodos) employed is indicative of a private association.