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Last Updated on 10 Jul 2019

Author: Fabienne Marchand

CAPInv. 985: U-CGR-007


i. Geographical area Central Greece
ii. Region Boiotia
iii. Site Thespiai


i. Association with unknown name U-CGR-007


i. Date(s) 14 AD


ii. Name elements
Cultic:The association (if it is one) may have been linked with the Imperial cult as its exact date is 12 December 14 AD, year of the death of Augustus, three months after his apotheosis.


i. Source(s) I.Thespiai 425 (12 December 14 AD)
Note See also:
CIL III 7301
Roesch 1982: 173-7, no. 26 (= SEG 32: 495)
Marchand 2013: 149-51, no. 3
Online Resources I.Thespiai 425
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Dedication in Latin dated to the consulates of Sex. Appuleius and Sex. Pompeius.
i.c. Physical format(s) Orthostate of grey-bluish marble, broken at the top and bottom right angles.
ii. Source(s) provenance The stone was found in Thebes, but may well be a pierre errante from Thespiai.


i. Number The names of 19 men are engraved in two columns. In the left-hand column: four Roman citizens and six freedmen. In the right-hand column: four Greeks transliterated into Latin, four freedmen, and after an erased line another Greek.
ii. Gender Men
Note All names listed in the inscription are male.
iii. Age Adults
Note If the men listed are negotiatores, they are very probably adults.
iv. Status Roman citizens, freedmen, and Greeks, probably peregrini. These men seem to belong to the community of negotiatores established at Thespiai, and may have been organised in a collegium.
v. Relations Three of the liberti (ll. 5, 7, 9) are linked to Titus Statilius Taurus (PIR2 S853), who had strong links with Thespiai (see Marchand 2013). Two of the Roman citizens are Castricii. The Castricii were well-known for their banking activities (Müller 2002).


iii. Bibliography Hatzfeld, J. (1919), Les trafiquants italiens dans l’Orient hellénique. Paris.
Kantiréa, M. (2007), Les Dieux et les dieux augustes. Le culte impérial en Grèce sous les Julio-claudiens et les Flaviens. Études épigraphiques et archéologiques. Athens: 167-9.
Marchand, F. (2013) ‘The Statilii Tauri and the Cult of the Theos Tauros at Thespiai’, in Journal of Ancient History I: 145-69.
Müller, C. (2002), ‘Les Italiens en Béotie du IIe sièce av. J.-C. au Ier siècle ap. J.-C.’, in C. Hasenohr and C. Müller (eds.), Les Italiens dans le monde grec, IIe s. av. J.-C. – Ier s. ap. J.-C. Circulation, activités, intégration, Paris: 89-100.


i. Private association Possible
Note The list of individuals consisted of Roman citizens and Greeks, and might have been linked with the imperial cult. However, it is not possible to conclude from the source material whether it was a private association or not.