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Last Updated on 24 May 2019

Author: Andreas Victor Walser

CAPInv. 999: Temenitai Tyches Agathes kai Apollonos kai Hermou


i. Geographical area Western Asia Minor
ii. Region Ionia
iii. Site Miletus


i. Full name (original language) Τεμενῖται Τύχης Ἀγαθῆς κα̣[ὶ] Ἀπόλλωνος καὶ Ἑρμοῦ (Milet VI.2 796 ll. 4-5)
ii. Full name (transliterated) Temenitai Tyches Agathes kai Apollonos kai Hermou


i. Date(s) 189 - 180 BC


ii. Name elements
Theophoric:Agathe Tyche


i. Source(s) Milet VI.2 796
Note Günther 1995: 47-52 no. 2; Harland 2014: 286-287.
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script List of members
i.c. Physical format(s) Marble pedimental stele
ii. Source(s) provenance Necropolis at the Değirmentepe, reused for a heroon in the imperial period (ii-iii AD).


iii. Members Τεμενῖται, Temenitai

The official mentioned in the praescript is listed again with the ordinary members.
iv. Officials χρυσονόμος, chrysonomos
γραμματεύς, grammateus

The chrysonomos was the treasurer, the grammateus the secretary of the association. Cf. Herrmann 1980: 226-227 with n. 9.

If they were eponymous officials (cf. next field), they must have administered their office for a year.

Both offices were held by the same person (χρυσονομοῦντος καὶ γραμματεύοντος, chrysonomountos kai grammateuontos).This is highly unusual. In all other associations of Temenitai in Miletus the offices were administred by different persons.
Eponymous officials Both the chrysonomos and the grammateus are mentioned in the praescript after the milesian στεφανήφορος, stephanephoros, the eponymous of the city. Therefore, they seem to be the eponymous officials of the association.


i. Treasury/Funds Since the chrysonomos was the treasurer of the association, it must have had some kind of treasury.


i. Number 9, later 13 members (Milet VI.2 796)

The inscription originally listed the names of 9 members, those of 4 more have been added at a later stage.
ii. Gender Men
iii. Age Adults
Note The age of the members is not indicated. Since all members seem to have been merchants, they likely were adults.
iv. Status As indicated by the ethnica all members were foreigners: 5 Antiocheia (ad Orontem), 3 Laodicea (ad Marem), 1 Damascus, 1 Amastris, 1 Galatia, 1 Thracia, 1 Tonatra (?).

Their origin makes it highly probable that all these men were merchants who resided as metoikoi in Miletus.


ii. Meetings and events The list of the members is styled as the record of a meeting (οἵδε συνήχθησαν Τεμενῖται, hoide synechthesan Temenitai). This formula suggests a meeting in the form of a banquet (Herrmann, Milet VI.2: p. 93 with reference to Ph. Gauthier, BE 1991, 426).
iii. Worship Both the designation of the members as Temenitai and the gods listed in its name demonstrate the association's religious character.

It is not clear how exactly the association was involved in the cult of these gods. Because of the designation temenitai one expects a specific function in relation to the gods' temenos or temene. It seems likely that they were not (or not only) involved in the establishment of a temenos but rather in its maintenance in the cultic service more generally.
Deities worshipped Agathe Tyche
iv. Honours/Other activities The provenance of the inscription from a necropolis suggests that the association was also involved in funerary activities, though nothing in the inscription itself attests to that.


i. Comments On groups of temenizontes, Temenitai in Miletus in general cf. CAPInv. 998.
iii. Bibliography Harland, Ph.A. (2014), Greco-Roman Associations: Texts, Translations and Commentary. II. North Coast of the Black Sea, Asia Minor. Berlin, Boston.
Herrmann, P. (1980), 'Urkunden milesischer Temenitai', MDAI(I) 30: 223-239.
Günther, W. (1995), 'Zwei neue Temenitenverzeichnisse aus Milet', Chiron 25: 43-53.


i. Private association Certain
Note The terminology, the activity and the internal organisation of the association suggests a private association.