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Last Updated on 04 Jul 2019

Author: Annelies Cazemier

CAPInv. GR-8: hai synodoi


i. Geographical area Aegean Islands
ii. Region Lesbos
iii. Site Mytilene


i.a. Full reference (original language) αἱ σύνοδοι (IG XII Suppl. 100c)
i.b. Full reference (transliterated) hai synodoi
ii. Reference context The synodoi set up a funerary monument for a certain Pompeius Hetaerio (IG XII Suppl. 100d) together with οἱ δεκουρίωνες, hoi dekouriones (IG XII Suppl. 100a) and ἡ φαμιλία, he phamilia (IG XII Suppl. 100b).


i. Date(s) Imp.


i. Descriptive terms σύνοδος, synodos
Note synodos: IG XII Suppl. 100c


i. Source(s) IG XII Suppl. 100 (Imp.)
Online Resources IG XII Suppl. 100
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Funerary monument. Greek.
i.c. Physical format(s) Fragments of a column, with inscriptions in wreaths
ii. Source(s) provenance Garden of Georgiadis (Thermai?)


i. Local interaction The synodoi set up a funerary monument together with others (οἱ δεκουρίωνες, hoi dekouriones, and ἡ φαμιλία, he phamilia). It was suggested by Wilamowitz-Möllendorff and Hiller von Gaertringen (1905: 144, no. 3) that the decuriones belonged to the local conventus civium Romanorum (cf. CIL III 455), but this has been refuted by Robert (BE 1961: 119; Robert 1960: 276-85). Robert suggests instead that the decuriones (in charge of slaves) and familia (consisting of slaves; not gladiators) belong to a domestic context. He attributes another text (provenance unknown) to Mytilene (SEG 18: 433; subsequently included in Charitonidis, Ἐπιγραφαί no. 56); this bilingual text, in Latin and Greek, also mentions decuriones and a familia.


i. Comments IG XII Suppl. 100a, IG XII Suppl. 100b, and IG XII Suppl. 100c were published together (in a different order) by Papageorgiu 1900: 6, no. 11. The funerary dedication (IG XII Suppl. 100d = Papageorgiu 1900: 9, no. 23) was joined to these texts by Wilamowitz-Möllendorff and Hiller von Gaertringen, 1905: 144, no. 3.
ii. Poland concordance Poland Δ *79A
iii. Bibliography Charitonidis, S. (1968), ‘Αι Επιγραφαί της Λέσβου,’ Συμπλήρωμα, Athens.
Papageorgiu, P.N. (1900), Unedierte Inschriften von Mytilene. Leipzig.
Robert, L. (1960), ‘Recherches epigraphiques’, REA 62: 276-85.
Wilamowitz-Mollendorff, U. v., and Hiller von Gaertringen, F. (1905), ‘Inschriften von Mytilene’,
MDAI(A) 30: 141-4.


i. Private associations Probable
Note The terminology (synodoi) in combination with the nature of the text (funerary monument) suggests that it concerns associations. What kind of associations these were (and whether they can be considered 'private'), remains unclear.