Stable URL: as PDF
Last Updated on 25 Nov 2018

Author: Mario C.D. Paganini

CAPInv. 155: U-EGY-005


i. Geographical area Egypt
ii. Nome Thinites (U08)
iii. Site Ptolemais Hermeiou


i. Association with unknown name U-EGY-005


i. Date(s) 138 / 137 BC


i. Source(s) SB III 6184 (138/7 BC)
Note The inscription is partly reproduced in JIGRE 154.
Online Resources SB III 6184
TM 7236
AGRW ID 15267
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Greek dedication of a sanctuary to Triphis, Pan, and other companion-gods on behalf of the Royal Family by the members of the association.
i.c. Physical format(s) Black granite stele, with pediment and acroteria at the top.
ii. Source(s) provenance ἱερόν, hieron (l. 8)


ii. Leadership The head of the association is an ἐπιμελητής, epimeletes called Paniskos, son of Lykophron, of the deme Berenikeus: Πανίσκος Λυκόφρονος | Βερενικεὺς τῶν ἀρχισωματοφυλάκων καὶ ἱπ<π>άρχης | ἐπ’ ἀνδρῶν καὶ ἐπιμελητής, Paniskos Lykrophonos Berenikeus ton archisomatophylakon kai hipparches ep'andron kai epimeletes (ll. 5-7). On the title of epimeletes to indicate the leader of an association, cf. San Nicolò 1972: 61.
iii. Members The members of the association are called οἱ συνοδῖται, hoi synoditai (l. 7). Their names are listed at the end of the inscription.


ii. Realty It seems likely that the association owned the ἱερόν, hieron (l. 8) which they dedicated.


i. Number The members recorded are 29 (including the epimeletes). They most probably constituted the entire membership of the association.
ii. Gender Men
Note All the names recorded are male names. The association was therefore made up of men only.
iii. Age Adults
Note It seems very likely that the members were adults.
iv. Status The members of the association show Greek, Egyptian, Jewish, and Persian onomastics.
The head of the association, the epimeletes Paniskos, was citizen of the polis of Ptolemais Hermeiou (his deme was Berenikeus), bore the aulic titulature of 'one of the ἀρχισωματοφύλακες', archisomatophylakes, and was at the head of a cavalry-unit (ἱπ<π>άρχης | ἐπ’ ἀνδρῶν, hipparches ep'andron, ll. 6-7). The other members of the association may have belonged to a military background too and may have also been citizens of Ptolemais.
vi. Proper names and physical features Πανίσκος Λυκόφρονος | Βερενικεὺς τῶν ἀρχισωματοφυλάκων καὶ ἱπ<π>άρχης | ἐπ’ ἀνδρῶν καὶ ἐπιμελητής (ll. 5-7)

Ἀσκληπιάδης Πτολεμαίου
Ζηνόδωρος Ἱππονίκου
Ἀμμώνιος Πελαίου
Ἑρμίας Ἑρμαΐσκου
Ἀπολλώνιος Φίλωνος
Μιθροβανδάκης Σρούσου
Θέων Λεωνίδου
Δίδυμος Ἀπολλωνίου
Ἑρμίας Λύκου
Ἑρμίας Ἑρμίου
Εὔβιος Βοήθου
Σαραπίων Διονυσίου
Ἀμβαδίσκος Ἱερωνύμου
Σωσίβιος Σωσιβίου
Στράτων Διονυσίου
Λύκος Παοῦτος
Λυσίμαχος Παποῦτος
Ἕρμων Πτολεμαίου
Ἑρμόφιλος Ἀχιλλέως
Πτολεμαῖος Ἀσκληπιάδου
Εὐρυτίδας Νίκωνος
Νίκανδρος Πτολεμαίου
Ἀβρὰμ Ἀλωσμαθοῦτος
Ἡφαιστίων Σαραπίωνος
Ἀμμώνιος Ἀμωνίου
Φατρῆς Πατάϊος
Ἀμώνιος Λυκόφρονος


iii. Worship The association dedicated the sanctuary or shrine (τὸ ἱερόν, to hieron, l. 8) to Triphis, (with the unknown epithet of Kolanthes?), Pan, and the θεοὶ σύνναοι, theoi synnaoi.
Deities worshipped Triphis (Kolanthes?)
theoi synnaoi
iv. Honours/Other activities The dedication is done on behalf of the Royal Family: ὑπὲρ βασιλέως Πτολεμαίου καὶ βασιλίσσης | Κλεοπάτρας τῆς ἀδελφῆς καὶ βασιλίσσης | Κλεοπάτρας τῆς γυναικός, θεῶν Εὐεργετῶν, | καὶ τῶν τούτων τέκνων, hyper basileos Ptolemaiou kai basilisses Kleopatras tes adelphes kai basilisses Kleopatras tes gynaikos, theon Euergeton, kai ton touton teknon (ll. 2-5). This shows loyalty by the association to the Royal House.


i. Local interaction I do not think there is enough evidence for supposing (as Lefebvre 1914: 219 does) that Asklepiades, son of Ptolemaios (l. 9) is the same person as in I.Th.Sy. 303, l. 36 (CAPInv. 51) - Ammonios, son of Ammonios (l. 34) was also thought to be a member of the association CAPInv. 51 (I.Th.Sy. 303, l. 35), but the reading in that inscription is now Ammonios, son Apollonios.


iii. Bibliography Lefebvre, M. G. (1914), 'Égypte gréco-romaine', Annales du service des antiquités de l'Égypte 13: 215-26.
San Nicolò, M. (1972), Ägyptisches Vereinswesen zur Zeit der Ptolemäer und Römer. 2nd edn. München.


i. Private association Certain
Note The terminology used (synoditai), the internal organisation with officials, and the possible ownership of real estate make it certain that we have here a private association.