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Last Updated on 14 Mar 2017

Author: Alexandru Avram

CAPInv. 1304: theas Aphrodeites synodos


i. Geographical area Black Sea Region
ii. Region North Coast of the Black Sea
iii. Site Hermonassa


i. Full name (original language) θεᾶς Ἀφροδείτης σύνοδος (CIRB 1055)
ii. Full name (transliterated) theas Aphrodeites synodos


i. Date(s) ii AD


i. Name in other forms ἡ σύνοδος ἡ περὶ νακόρον κτλ. (he synodos he peri nakoron, CIRB 1054, l. 15).
ii. Name elements
Cultic:thea Aphrodite
Personal:peri nakoron
iii. Descriptive terms σύνοδος, synodos:
Note synodos: CIRB 1054, ll. 6-7; 1055 A, l. 1.


i. Source(s) CIRB 1054 (123–133)
CIRB 1055 (ii AD)
Note Other editions:
CIRB 1054: IOSPE IV 421
Online Resources CIRB 1054 and AGRW ID 8462
CIRB 1055 and AGRW ID 7778
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script CIRB 1054 is a Greek record of unknown character dated under Cotys II. It contains a fragmentary list of the members of the association.
CIRB 1055 is a Greek dedication by the association to Aphrodite.
i.c. Physical format(s) CIRB 1054: marble stele broken at the bottom.
CIRB 1055: fragmentary marble block written on the front (A) and right (B) faces.
ii. Source(s) provenance Hermonassa


ii. Leadership One νακόρος, nakoros, i.e. νεωκόρος, neokoros (Bages Sosipatrou in CIRB 1054, l. 7-8). Possibly also in the lacuna, l. 2, of CIRB 1055 A, before the ἱε[ρεύς], hie[reus] (Zavojkina 2012: 256). This supposed [νακόρος], [nakoros] or [νεωκόρος], [neokoros] was an official at the royal court, ἐπὶ τῆς αὐλῆς, epi tes aules (cf. CAPInv. 1296 and CAPInv. 1299).
iii. Members The members are referred to as θιασεῖτ[αι] (l. θιασῖτ[αι]), thiasit[ai] (CIRB 1054, l. 6-7)
iv. Officials One ἱερεύς, hiereus (CIRB 1054, ll. 9-10, written ἱρεύς, hireus; 1055 A).
One ἱερομάστωρ, hieromastor (CIRB 1054, ll. 10-12). For this office see CAPInv. 1301.
One γραμματεύς, grammateus (CIRB 1054, 12-14).
One φιλάγαθος, philagathos (CIRB 1054, ll. 14-15).


i. Number More than 12
ii. Gender Men
Note The recorded names are male names.
iii. Age Adults
iv. Status One member (allegedly the nakoros/neokoros) was an official at the royal court, ἐπὶ τῆς αὐλῆς, epi tes aules (CIRB 1054, l. 7-8).


i. Assemblies For σύνοδος, synodos designating the assembly of a θίασος, thiasos see Gauthier in BE 2001: no. 312 and Chaniotis in SEG 47: 1199 and 49: 1053.


i. Local interaction The leadership, or at least the membership, of an ἐπὶ τῆς αὐλῆς, epi tes aules (see VII.ii: Leadership) suggests interaction with the royal court.


ii. Poland concordance Poland B 119 A (CIRB 1054)
iii. Bibliography Harland, P.A. (2014), Greco-Roman Associations: Texts, Translations, and Commentaries. II. North Coast of the Black Sea, Asia Minor. Berlin, Boston: 23.
Ustinova, Y. (1999), The Supreme Gods of the Bosporan Kingdom. Celestial Aphrodite and the Most High God. Leiden, Boston, Cologne: 198.
Zavojkina, N.V. (2012), Bosporskie fiasy: mezhdu polisom i monarkhiej [Bosporan Thiasoi: Between Polis and Monarchy]. Moscow: 80-2 and 255-7 (about CIRB 1055).


i. Private association Certain
Note The terminology employed suggests a private association.