Stable URL: as PDF
Last Updated on 03 Jul 2019

Author: Annelies Cazemier

CAPInv. 866: koinon Theoxeniaston


i. Geographical area Aegean Islands
ii. Region Tenos
iii. Site Tenos


i. Full name (original language) κοινὸν Θεοξενιαστῶν (IG XII.5 872, ll. 114, 115, 116-117, 118)
ii. Full name (transliterated) koinon Theoxeniaston


i. Date(s) l. iv BC


ii. Name elements
Cultic:Theoxenia (festival) ?
Theophoric:Theoxenios (epithet) ? -- Ziebarth (1896: 42) connects the name to the Dioskouroi. Theoxenios is also attested as epithet for Apollo at Pellene (Paus. 7.27.4)
iii. Descriptive terms κοινόν, koinon
Note koinon: IG XII.5 872, ll. 114, 115, 116-17 et passim


i. Source(s) IG XII.5 872 (= sections XLIV-XLV) (l. iv BC: Étienne 1985; 1990: 43-7)
Note Older editions:
CIG II 2338
Dareste et al. 1898-1904, vol. 1: 63-106, no. 7 (incl. French translation)
Online Resources IG XII.5 872
i.a. Source type(s) Epigraphic source(s)
i.b. Document(s) typology & language/script Register of contracts of sale (and of dowries). Greek.
i.c. Physical format(s) Large slab of white marble


ii. References to buildings/objects ἡ οἰκία καὶ τὰ χωρία τὰ ἐν Ἱακίνθωι τὰ καλούμενα Σωσιβίεια, he oikia kai ta choria ta en Hiakinthoi ta kaloumena Sosibieia (IG XII.5 872, l. 115; cf. 117)


i. Treasury/Funds The koinon Theoxeniaston together with two individuals sold and bought (back) lands for 300 drachmai.
ii. Realty The koinon Theoxeniaston together with two individuals owned a house and lands in Hiakinthos, known as Sosibieia. They bought the house and lands (together with Thespieus and Eubios) from Euthygenes. They sold the house and lands (together with Thespieus and Aristonax) to Artymachos, from whom they subsequently (again together with Thespieus and Aristonax) bought the lands back (without mention of the house).


i. Local interaction The koinon Theoxeniaston is involved in the buying and selling of property together with individuals from various phylai on Tenos: Thespieus (son of Thespieus; from the city phyle), Aristonax (son of Aristolochos; from the phyle of Thestieis), and a certain Eubios. They initially bought the property from a certain Euthygenes. They subsequently sold it to, but then bought (part of) it back from, Artymachos (son of Aristarchos; from the phyle of Herakleidai). Manto (daughter of Demokrines; from the city phyle) agreed upon the sale together with Artymachos, her kyrios. The prateres (guarantors) were Demokrines (son of Demonikos; from the city phyle), Demonikos, and Theophron (son of Demonikos; from the city phyle).


i. Comments Older eds. (following Newton in GIBM II 377) read Σωσηρίεια, Soserieia rather than Σωσιβίεια, Sosibieia (IG XII.5 872, l. 115; 117).

The buying and selling in which the koinon Theoxeniaston is involved takes place in the month Bouphonion. For a discussion of some of the complexities arising from the relevant sections of the register (XLIV and XLV), see Étienne 1990: 57, ns. 26-7.

There are similar attestations of associations elsewhere in the text: IG XII.5 872, ll. 24-5 (CAPInv. 867), l. 60 ((CAPInv. 864)), l. 76 (CAPInv. 865).
ii. Poland concordance Poland B 209
iii. Bibliography Dareste, R. et al. (1898-1904), Recueil des inscriptions juridiques grecques: texte, traduction, commentaire. 1 vol. Paris.
Étienne, R. (1985), ‘Le capital immobilier dans les Cyclades à l’époque hellénistique’, in P. Leveau (ed.), L'origine des richesses dépensées dans la ville antique, Aix-en-Provence: 55-67.
Étienne, R. (1990), Ténos. II: Ténos et les Cyclades du milieu du IVe siècle av. J.-C. au milieu du IIIe siècle ap. J.-C. Athens.
Ziebarth, E. (1896), Das griechische Vereinswesen. Leipzig.


i. Private association Probable
Note The use of the term koinon combined with the format of the name of the group (ending in -stai) and their involvement in the buying and selling of real estate certainly indicate an association; whether it was 'private' is difficult to establish. Cf. Étienne 1990: 42, n. 21.